问题收集

Q1 【智能化布局】你在哪些家电布设了智能控制系统?

Q2 【为什么能节能】相较于传统家电,您认为智能家电是如何体现节能理念的? 为什么会具备节能的能力?

Q3 【交互方式】你是如何与智能家电进行交互的?与传统家电的交互方式相比,有什么新增或改动吗?

Q4 【习惯培养】它们是否会引导你,在生活上培养良好的节能习惯?是如何影响你的?

【来源】

  1. https://youtu.be/pB6P_q_LKvg. Best Energy Saving Technology - How Your Smart Home Can Save You $$$
  2. https://youtu.be/W7mVagcssZY. Monitor Your Smart Homes Energy Usage with Home Assistant.
  3. http://tv.cctv.com/v/v1/VIDE1428578664196272.html. 智能家居监控系统—— 你的节能管家
  4. https://www.sohu.com/a/291384000_820909
  5. https://new.qq.com/omn/20210427/20210427A025IC00.html
  6. https://www.sohu.com/a/348889960_100155220
  7. https://www.anthouse.com.cn/industry/611.html
  8. http://www.qianjia.com/html/2012-11/26_172225.html

【细节】

三、Wifi + neuron + App + 可视化

详见标题

四、智能家居系统是如何实现家居节能的?

目前的智能家居节能,多是利用感应开关控制的灯光系统和温控系统,能对亮度和温度进行不同模式的调节,以及让设备在需要时自动开启,不用的时候自动关闭的功能,都在很大程度地节约了能源的消耗。

相比较于让人们自己想办法培养出环保意识而言,智能家居其本身就存在着环保意识,通过提前的设定,系统便会在白天阳光强烈的时候自动关闭门窗、窗帘,在各类电器不使用的时候,自动切断电源,如此,即可随时随地实现节能,往大方向说,这是为了地球的绿色环保,往小方向说,每个月的电费账单的减少,那也是实实在在的。

相比之下,智能家居采用各种传感器,将家中的家电、门窗、水气统筹起来,根据预先的设定,自动做出合理的安排,让很多比较耗电耗水耗气的家居设施变得高效省时,不管是直接或者间接,都能起到节能环保的作用。

家庭中的能耗主要分为几个方面,一是照明,二是制冷或是制热,三是一向不被重视的待机能耗。一般的家庭,灯具往往都是满负荷运转,只要一开灯,就会按照电压所对应的功率在运转。通过传感器实时监测室内的亮度,即可配合自然光照调整灯具的功率,自然起到节能的效果。

智能照明:人来灯亮,人走灯灭

大家或许不会想到,在关闭开关仍有插头待机状态下,根据市面平均水平产品数据,空调的待机能耗功率是3.47瓦,彩电8.07瓦,PC主机35.07瓦,显示器7.69瓦。电器和灯具是家庭用电的两大主力。

与传统的照明控制方式相比较,智能家居可以节约电能20%-30%。利用智能照明技术使家中整个照明系统按照最经济有效的方式来准确运作,能够最大限度地节约能源。到了冬夏季节,智能家居还能随时调整空调、取暖器的功率,既能保证人体舒适度不会受到影响,也能节约电能。

五、

提起智能家居,许多人首先想到的应该是便利、智能、安全。但除了这些特点之外,它还具备一个远大于传统家居产品的优势——节能减排。

智能家居实现建筑节能

智能家居的出现,将让建筑节能成为现实,目前的智能家居,大多使用灯光控制系统和温控系统进行温度和亮度的控制,实现对温度和亮度进行智能化调节,在需要时自动开启,停止工作之后自动关闭,可大大减少不必要的能源消耗。
日常生活中,灯光的模式是手动调节的,假如一个家庭全家灯光都降低10%的亮度,一年下来,可减少385kg的二氧化碳排放量,相当于一个月不开车。

智能家居的环保意识
不同于用户自发的环保意识,智能家居本身就被设定了这样的程序,通过对接气候网站的实时数据,可在室外空气状况良好的情况下,自动打开窗户进行室内自然通风。
在夏天气候炎热的条件下,门窗和窗帘会自动关上,避免屋内过热,对新风系统的制冷增加额外的能源消耗。

此外,智能家居还采用各种传感器,将家中的家电、门窗、水气统筹起来,根据预先的设定,自动做出合理的安排,让很多耗电耗水耗气的家居设施变得高效省时,不管是直接或者间接,都能起到节能环保的作用。

智能设备在监测到业主离家时,会向智能网关报告数据,网关将自动关闭电灯和一切无需待机的设备,当业主再度回家时,又可自动重启设备通电,即方便了业主使用,又节能省电。

六、

七、智能家居控制系统节能控制,如何选择?

一、智能家居控制系统节能控制
1、定时开关 优化时间提高生活效率
可提前设置相应操作,定时开关家中电器。优化时间,节能环保,提高生活效率,享受智能家居带来的美妙体验,让生活更健康更有规律。
2、远程控制 方便操作突破距离限制
无论身处在哪儿,都可以远程控制插座上的电器。如在办公室发现家中的空调忘了关,
直接在手机上即可关闭,不浪费每一度电。
3、电量监测 实时使用数据一目了然
电量统计功能,可实时监控用电情况,电量一目了然,并可将数据同步至手机,记录用电习惯,进行相关调控,节能环保。
4、设置情景联动 出门一键关闭所有家电
当有急事出门,你还在一个个的关闭家中灯光、窗帘、电视等用电设备吗?只需要提前预设好离家模式,关门即可同步联动关闭家中不需要用的智能电器,更为方便、节能。

二、如何选择智能家居控制系统?
1、选择自己喜欢的交互方式
交互方式,即通过何种方式完成对家电的控制。智能家居控制系统的交互方式有很多,如手机APP控制、语音控制、手势控制。目前市场上较多的是手机APP控制,如果购买的智能家居控制系统是通过手机APP控制,小编建议您在购买前先通过手机APP体验一下,看是否容易上手,操控界面是否简介,设计是否美观。
2、选择最简单的智能家居控制系统
安装智能家居需要在室内设计时就开始着手安排,与布线同步进行。配置的智能家居控制系统越简单,系统的集成度也就越高,技术含量也越高,后期操作也更方便。
3、选择兼容性强的智能家居控制系统
智能家居控制系统的操作原理是,通过智能家居系统的通讯协议,使各个子系统相互连接,操作上能够相互控制。在选择智能家居控制系统时,一定要向销售人员了解清楚,最好多测试一下,看看兼容性如何,是否许多品牌的智能家居无法完成操控。
4、选择功能强大的智能家居控制系统
强大的智能家居控制系统,能够完成家电控制、家庭安防与监控、家庭数字娱乐、家庭信息终端等多种功能的集成。选购智能家居控制系统前,需要对这个方面进行测试。智能家居控制系统拥有家电控制、安防、空气检测等功能,还打造了智慧社区,打通了智慧社区物管系统、社区B2C系统和社区O2O系统。打牌三缺一?通过社区O2O系统,1分钟就有邻居报名参加;停车不用愁,智慧车库帮您导航;美发美甲,购物用餐,社区B2C系统提供上门服务。
5、选择智能安防控制系统
此外,智能家居控制系统可以实时监测空气,实时监测家中是否存在漏水、漏气等危险情况。譬如,在艾特智能安防监控系统中,一旦燃气传感器检测到空气中有燃气泄漏,家中如发生燃气泄漏,传感器将立即发出警报声,并通过手机APP信息通知主人;也可通过联动艾特智能室内终端发出报警,联动排气扇及时排气,也能联动机械手自动关闭燃气,让家防患于未“燃”。
有了智能安防系统,一方面用户可以了解情况并及时应对;另一方面,可以完成紧急断电、定时开关的处理,守护家中安全。所以在购买时,一定要像销售人员进行确认,其智能家居控制系统是否好用,是否节能,是否拥有以上各类功能,最好现场演示演一番。

八、智能家居VS节能环保

我们这篇文章则主要把目光聚焦在家居范围:同样有数据已经表明一半以上的污染来自于家庭的生活垃圾和废水;家庭能源浪费也占据相当大的比重,而“罪魁祸首”就是各式各样的家用电器。甚至的确有专业人士在批判智能家居系统需要24小时不间断地供电工作,其本身就是对能源的极大浪费。

1、 传统智能家居系统便具有节能的作用
  我们说传统智能家居,主要指家庭自动化阶段,以各种控制功能为主,因为智能家居设备主要是微电子产品,本身的功耗较小,对于照明、电视、冰箱、洗衣机等来说则可以忽略不计,而智能家居的集中控制功能可以合理有序地控制各用电设备的工作,自然能够在一定程度上实现能源的管理,让用电设备依据需要所用,而杜绝许多无意识的浪费,最简单的比如灯光感应控制功能:人来等亮,人走灯灭;再如调光控制功能:依照需要调节灯光亮度,相应地达到节能效果。

2、 新时代的智能家居概念已经更具体地包含了节能环保的内容
  比如说关于家庭节能,已经形成了一门专业叫做“家庭能源管理系统”(HEMS – Home Energy Management System),该系统专业负责管理家庭用电设备的用电情况,甚至也包括发电设备的发电情况:随着太阳能、风能、地热能等绿色环保、可再生新能源在家庭环境中的使用,家庭发电也必将逐渐走入千家万户,等到自然规律让不可再生能源变得稀有和宝贵的时候,我们必将重新审视我们头上的太阳之光,有些国家甚至已经实现了家庭发电自用有余时还可以反向供电给电网,并且会获得相应的收益。该系统除了能够像记账工具一样让您随时了解到家里的能源获取和使用状况,还能够作为顾问给您能源使用的建议与规划策略,加上智能家居的智慧控制功能则能够通过自动控制技术实现能源的自动管理。这有点像iPhone手机里面那颗只要开机便默默无闻一直都在辛苦工作的电源管理芯片,虽然不被人熟知,但它却是待机时间最有力的守护者,是它让该工作的单元工作、不该工作的单元断电休息,管理机能的强弱直接决定了待机时间的长短。同样的,家庭能源管理系统机能的强弱也直接决定了我们地球不可再生能源的使用寿命和使用效率。

再说家庭环保,主要是垃圾和废水治理及循环利用问题,国内外有许多提倡环保的地产开发商已经在这上面做了很多工作,与智能家居相关的莫过于自动化、信息化的垃圾废水智能处理与循环利用系统。比如许多模型已经证实收集雨水->净化->使用->再处理->再利用等循环再生的水资源使用方式在家庭之中是可行的,而垃圾的循环利用则更依托于社区的集中管理。

最后,再回到智能家居与节能环保的主题,我们更愿意说节能环保是一种永续永生的人类生存之道,而智能家居是在家庭环境中有效实现节能环保的方式方法。

采访素材

素材1

Interview transcript
Interviewer: Student
Interviewee: Homeowner
Interview setting: Interview conducted in interviewee's home. The interview was conducted at 3:00 PM on Sunday.
Affiliation with interviewee: The homeowner is our friend. He has installed many IoT devices at home and is willing to share his experience with us.
(Start of Interview)
Interviewer: I heard that you bought a lot of IoT products for your family, would you like to introduce them to us?
Interviewee: Of course. [Looking up at these light bulbs, each light bulb could connect to the Internet UP 1.1]. [Then look at the refrigerators, rice cookers, induction cookers, pressure cookers, etc. in the kitchen. Although the size is no different from traditional home appliances, the operability is greatly increased UP 1.2]. [And look at the cracks in the door and the corners, there are some small objects stuck there. These are the human-computer interaction hardware that is not owned by traditional families but is essential for smart homes, that is, sensors UP 1.3]. Many electric plugs are equipped with various IoT devices, some are gateways, some are smart sockets, and some are directly reserved for my personal use.
Interviewer: Wow. There are so many IoT products. Could you roughly divide them into several categories?
Interviewee: Sure. [Although there are many devices, they are mainly divided into lighting, temperature control, and standby control UP 1.4]. [Devices such as sensors and gateways serve the types of home appliances just mentioned. If it exists alone, it doesn't make too much sense UP 1.3].
Interviewer: So, can they save energy?
Interviewee: Yes. Many people buy IoT devices just to make life more convenient. Turn on the phone or open your mouth so that you can turn the lights on or off. But if you stop here, I can say that the potential of the IoT has not been fully tapped. You should make them automated or even intelligent, to fully discover the energy-saving features of the Internet of Things. The lights are on when people come, and the lights are off when people go, without our manual intervention. This scene is all sensed by sensors. [In this way, you may not waste electricity because of forgetting to turn off the lights UP 2.1]. [Traditional lights mostly only have two states of on and off, so they can't save energy very well. The intelligent light will adjust its power according to the external light intensity UP 2.2]. [Also, many large home appliances consume power when they are on standby, and power consumption cannot be ignored UP 2.3]. Therefore, we will have a unified smart socket to control them, instead of letting them directly connect to the power. Smart sockets will strictly control the standby power and can even directly cut off the power supply of large appliances.
Interviewer: Sounds good. Now that you have used them for some time, you should be able to see some practical results, right?
Interviewee: Yes. [After I replaced all the lights in the house with smart bulbs, the electricity bills this month was about 20% less than before UP 2.4]. I am very happy to see this result which drove me to upgrade and transform more home appliances.
Interviewer: Not bad. So how do you interact with these IoT devices?
Interviewee: After upgrading home appliances, [the original interaction methods can all be carried out normally. You can still control them manually UP 3.1], especially when you are not familiar with them. If you buy a smart speaker like me, then [you can call the voice assistant, just like giving instructions to a servant UP 3.2]. Of course, I think the more important thing is that it will take the initiative to give you some suggestions. Sometimes, I forget to turn off some electrical appliances, but the IoT can't tell whether you still need to use it, so it will ask you through smart speakers. If the light in the room is still on, [the human sensor will detect whether there are people in the room. If it detects that a person has left the room for more than ten minutes, the light in the room will be turned off UP 3.3]. There is a bathtub in the bathroom. [When the hot water is released, the water level sensor starts to work. If the sensor detects that the warning line is exceeded, the IoT will send me a message and automatically turn off the faucet UP 3.3]. In this way, water waste can be avoided as much as possible. There are too many interactive scenarios. [But all are interactions with sensors, voice assistants, or mobile phone software UP 3.4].
Interviewer: It seems that all smart devices share this set of interaction methods.
Interviewee: Yes, it is. Therefore, [once these interactive methods are debugged in the early stage, there will be no problem with simple settings for the new smart devices added later UP 3.5].
Interviewer: You are experienced. I guess you are also deeply affected by the IoT. Did they silently change your living habits?
Interviewee: Of course, there is. I used to think that the concept of energy conservation and environmental protection was far away from ordinary people, but now it seems that it is just a matter of effort. In the past, when I left the room, I didn't want to turn off the light or the fan. But since I installed the smart home and saw the electricity bill with the total price falling, I began to pay attention to these small details. Sometimes, without waiting for it to turn off the lights automatically, I will take the initiative to turn off all unnecessary electrical appliances. The IoT is very clear about my living habits, and it will push me a summary every week. The advice it gives is quite pertinent, so I will correct my habits based on the advice. Of course, on the mobile app, you can monitor smart devices anytime and anywhere, and you can also directly see the rising kilowatt-hours. You will consciously turn off some unnecessary electrical appliances.
Interviewer: Seeing the electricity consumption keeps going up, you will feel bad about your wallet. Haha.
Interviewee: Yes. If you don't install smart home devices, you don't know that you were so wasteful before.

1.    Overview of IoT devices
1.1    The light bulb could connect to the Internet.
1.2    The appliances in the kitchen can be IoT devices.
1.3    Small-sized sensors and gateways can be used with other IoT devices.
1.4    IoT devices are mainly divided into lighting, temperature control, and standby control.
2.    Energy-saving case
2.1    The human body sensor helps you turn off the lights in time.
2.2    Smart bulbs can automatically adjust their luminous power.
2.3    Smart sockets can strictly limit the standby power consumption of other large appliances.
2.4    By upgrading traditional lights to smart bulbs, the overall power consumption has been reduced by at least 20%.
3.    Interactive mode
3.1    The original interaction method (manual control) is retained.
3.2    Voice interaction with smart speakers.
3.3    Various sensors perform their duties, and this type of interaction is often not easily detected by humans but often occurs.
3.4    Many interactive scenarios are interactions with sensors, voice assistants, or mobile phone software.
最后修改:2022 年 01 月 08 日 06 : 37 PM
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