## 问题收集

Q1 【智能化布局】你在哪些家电布设了智能控制系统？

Q2 【为什么能节能】相较于传统家电，您认为智能家电是如何体现节能理念的？ 为什么会具备节能的能力？

Q3 【交互方式】你是如何与智能家电进行交互的？与传统家电的交互方式相比，有什么新增或改动吗？

Q4 【习惯培养】它们是否会引导你，在生活上培养良好的节能习惯？是如何影响你的？

## 【来源】

1. https://youtu.be/pB6P_q_LKvg. Best Energy Saving Technology - How Your Smart Home Can Save You \$
2. https://youtu.be/W7mVagcssZY. Monitor Your Smart Homes Energy Usage with Home Assistant.
3. http://tv.cctv.com/v/v1/VIDE1428578664196272.html. 智能家居监控系统—— 你的节能管家
4. https://www.sohu.com/a/291384000_820909
5. https://new.qq.com/omn/20210427/20210427A025IC00.html
6. https://www.sohu.com/a/348889960_100155220
7. https://www.anthouse.com.cn/industry/611.html
8. http://www.qianjia.com/html/2012-11/26_172225.html

## 【细节】

### 七、智能家居控制系统节能控制，如何选择？

1、定时开关 优化时间提高生活效率

2、远程控制 方便操作突破距离限制

3、电量监测 实时使用数据一目了然

4、设置情景联动 出门一键关闭所有家电

1、选择自己喜欢的交互方式

2、选择最简单的智能家居控制系统

3、选择兼容性强的智能家居控制系统

4、选择功能强大的智能家居控制系统

5、选择智能安防控制系统

### 八、智能家居VS节能环保

1、 传统智能家居系统便具有节能的作用
我们说传统智能家居，主要指家庭自动化阶段，以各种控制功能为主，因为智能家居设备主要是微电子产品，本身的功耗较小，对于照明、电视、冰箱、洗衣机等来说则可以忽略不计，而智能家居的集中控制功能可以合理有序地控制各用电设备的工作，自然能够在一定程度上实现能源的管理，让用电设备依据需要所用，而杜绝许多无意识的浪费，最简单的比如灯光感应控制功能：人来等亮，人走灯灭;再如调光控制功能：依照需要调节灯光亮度，相应地达到节能效果。

2、 新时代的智能家居概念已经更具体地包含了节能环保的内容
比如说关于家庭节能，已经形成了一门专业叫做“家庭能源管理系统”(HEMS – Home Energy Management System)，该系统专业负责管理家庭用电设备的用电情况，甚至也包括发电设备的发电情况：随着太阳能、风能、地热能等绿色环保、可再生新能源在家庭环境中的使用，家庭发电也必将逐渐走入千家万户，等到自然规律让不可再生能源变得稀有和宝贵的时候，我们必将重新审视我们头上的太阳之光，有些国家甚至已经实现了家庭发电自用有余时还可以反向供电给电网，并且会获得相应的收益。该系统除了能够像记账工具一样让您随时了解到家里的能源获取和使用状况，还能够作为顾问给您能源使用的建议与规划策略，加上智能家居的智慧控制功能则能够通过自动控制技术实现能源的自动管理。这有点像iPhone手机里面那颗只要开机便默默无闻一直都在辛苦工作的电源管理芯片，虽然不被人熟知，但它却是待机时间最有力的守护者，是它让该工作的单元工作、不该工作的单元断电休息，管理机能的强弱直接决定了待机时间的长短。同样的，家庭能源管理系统机能的强弱也直接决定了我们地球不可再生能源的使用寿命和使用效率。

## 采访素材

### 素材1

Interview transcript
Interviewer: Student
Interviewee: Homeowner
Interview setting: Interview conducted in interviewee's home. The interview was conducted at 3:00 PM on Sunday.
Affiliation with interviewee: The homeowner is our friend. He has installed many IoT devices at home and is willing to share his experience with us.
(Start of Interview)
Interviewer: I heard that you bought a lot of IoT products for your family, would you like to introduce them to us?
Interviewee: Of course. [Looking up at these light bulbs, each light bulb could connect to the Internet UP 1.1]. [Then look at the refrigerators, rice cookers, induction cookers, pressure cookers, etc. in the kitchen. Although the size is no different from traditional home appliances, the operability is greatly increased UP 1.2]. [And look at the cracks in the door and the corners, there are some small objects stuck there. These are the human-computer interaction hardware that is not owned by traditional families but is essential for smart homes, that is, sensors UP 1.3]. Many electric plugs are equipped with various IoT devices, some are gateways, some are smart sockets, and some are directly reserved for my personal use.
Interviewer: Wow. There are so many IoT products. Could you roughly divide them into several categories?
Interviewee: Sure. [Although there are many devices, they are mainly divided into lighting, temperature control, and standby control UP 1.4]. [Devices such as sensors and gateways serve the types of home appliances just mentioned. If it exists alone, it doesn't make too much sense UP 1.3].
Interviewer: So, can they save energy?
Interviewee: Yes. Many people buy IoT devices just to make life more convenient. Turn on the phone or open your mouth so that you can turn the lights on or off. But if you stop here, I can say that the potential of the IoT has not been fully tapped. You should make them automated or even intelligent, to fully discover the energy-saving features of the Internet of Things. The lights are on when people come, and the lights are off when people go, without our manual intervention. This scene is all sensed by sensors. [In this way, you may not waste electricity because of forgetting to turn off the lights UP 2.1]. [Traditional lights mostly only have two states of on and off, so they can't save energy very well. The intelligent light will adjust its power according to the external light intensity UP 2.2]. [Also, many large home appliances consume power when they are on standby, and power consumption cannot be ignored UP 2.3]. Therefore, we will have a unified smart socket to control them, instead of letting them directly connect to the power. Smart sockets will strictly control the standby power and can even directly cut off the power supply of large appliances.
Interviewer: Sounds good. Now that you have used them for some time, you should be able to see some practical results, right?
Interviewee: Yes. [After I replaced all the lights in the house with smart bulbs, the electricity bills this month was about 20% less than before UP 2.4]. I am very happy to see this result which drove me to upgrade and transform more home appliances.
Interviewer: Not bad. So how do you interact with these IoT devices?
Interviewee: After upgrading home appliances, [the original interaction methods can all be carried out normally. You can still control them manually UP 3.1], especially when you are not familiar with them. If you buy a smart speaker like me, then [you can call the voice assistant, just like giving instructions to a servant UP 3.2]. Of course, I think the more important thing is that it will take the initiative to give you some suggestions. Sometimes, I forget to turn off some electrical appliances, but the IoT can't tell whether you still need to use it, so it will ask you through smart speakers. If the light in the room is still on, [the human sensor will detect whether there are people in the room. If it detects that a person has left the room for more than ten minutes, the light in the room will be turned off UP 3.3]. There is a bathtub in the bathroom. [When the hot water is released, the water level sensor starts to work. If the sensor detects that the warning line is exceeded, the IoT will send me a message and automatically turn off the faucet UP 3.3]. In this way, water waste can be avoided as much as possible. There are too many interactive scenarios. [But all are interactions with sensors, voice assistants, or mobile phone software UP 3.4].
Interviewer: It seems that all smart devices share this set of interaction methods.
Interviewee: Yes, it is. Therefore, [once these interactive methods are debugged in the early stage, there will be no problem with simple settings for the new smart devices added later UP 3.5].
Interviewer: You are experienced. I guess you are also deeply affected by the IoT. Did they silently change your living habits?
Interviewee: Of course, there is. I used to think that the concept of energy conservation and environmental protection was far away from ordinary people, but now it seems that it is just a matter of effort. In the past, when I left the room, I didn't want to turn off the light or the fan. But since I installed the smart home and saw the electricity bill with the total price falling, I began to pay attention to these small details. Sometimes, without waiting for it to turn off the lights automatically, I will take the initiative to turn off all unnecessary electrical appliances. The IoT is very clear about my living habits, and it will push me a summary every week. The advice it gives is quite pertinent, so I will correct my habits based on the advice. Of course, on the mobile app, you can monitor smart devices anytime and anywhere, and you can also directly see the rising kilowatt-hours. You will consciously turn off some unnecessary electrical appliances.
Interviewee: Yes. If you don't install smart home devices, you don't know that you were so wasteful before.

1.    Overview of IoT devices
1.1    The light bulb could connect to the Internet.
1.2    The appliances in the kitchen can be IoT devices.
1.3    Small-sized sensors and gateways can be used with other IoT devices.
1.4    IoT devices are mainly divided into lighting, temperature control, and standby control.
2.    Energy-saving case
2.1    The human body sensor helps you turn off the lights in time.
2.2    Smart bulbs can automatically adjust their luminous power.
2.3    Smart sockets can strictly limit the standby power consumption of other large appliances.
2.4    By upgrading traditional lights to smart bulbs, the overall power consumption has been reduced by at least 20%.
3.    Interactive mode
3.1    The original interaction method (manual control) is retained.
3.2    Voice interaction with smart speakers.
3.3    Various sensors perform their duties, and this type of interaction is often not easily detected by humans but often occurs.
3.4    Many interactive scenarios are interactions with sensors, voice assistants, or mobile phone software.