/ kQm; kQm/ v (pt came / keIm; kem/, pp come) 1 (a) [I, Ipr, Ip] ~ (to...) (from...) move to, towards, into, etc a place where the speaker or writer is, or a place being referred to by him 来(指行动过程): She came into the room and shut the door. 她进到屋子里来, 然後关上了门. * She came slowly down the stairs. 她慢慢地走下楼来. * He has come all the way from Leeds to look for a job. 他从利兹远道而来寻找工作. * Come and visit us again soon! 希望你不久再来坐一坐! * She comes to work by bus. 她上班乘公共汽车来. * Are you coming out for a walk? 你要出来散散步吗? * Our son is coming home for Christmas. 我们的儿子准备回家来过圣诞节. * Come here! 到这儿来! =>Usage at and 用法见and. =>Usage at visit 用法见visit. (b) [I, Ipr] ~ (to...)arrive at a place where the speaker or writer is or at a place being referred to by him 来(指到达): They came to a river. 他们来到河边. * They came (eg arrived at my house) at 8 o'clock. 他们8点钟来到(如到我家). * What time will you be coming? 你几点钟来? * Have any letters come for me? 有给我的来信吗? * I've come to collect my book/come for my book. 我来取我的书. * Help has come at last. 终於得到了帮助. * There's a storm coming, ie approaching. 暴风雨要来了. * Spring came late this year. 今年春天来得晚了. * The time has come (ie Now is the moment) to act. 该行动的时候到了. (c) [I, Ipr] ~ (to sth) (with sb) move in order to be with sb at a particular place or be present at an event 来(相聚或出席): I've only come for an hour. 我来到这里仅仅一小时. * Are you coming (to the cinema) with us tonight? 今晚你来和我们一起(看电影)吗? * `Would you like to come to dinner next Friday?' `I'd love to.' `下星期五来吃饭好吗?'`好哇.' * Are you coming to my party? 你来参加我的聚会吗? * Who are you coming with? 你和谁一起来? * I'll be coming with Keith. 我和基思一起来. (d) (used with the present participle 与现在分词连用) take part in the specified activity, esp a sport, usu with other people 来(参加某活动, 尤指体育运动, 通常和他人一起): Why don't you come ice-skating (with us) tonight? 今晚来(和我们一起)溜冰好吗? 2 [I] travel (a specified distance) 行进(某段距离): We've come fifty miles since lunch. 我们午饭後走了五十英里了. * (fig 比喻) This company has come a long way (ie made a lot of progress) in the last five years. 最近五年这个公司已经前进了一大步. 3 (used with a present participle to show that sb/sth moves in the way specified or that sb is doing sth while moving 与现在分词连用, 表示某人[某事物]按某方式行进或某人在行进中做某事): He came hurrying (ie hurried) to see her as soon as he heard she was ill. 他一听说她病了就立刻赶来看她. * The children came running (ie ran) to meet us. 孩子们跑著来迎接我们. * She came sobbing (ie was sobbing as she came) into the room. 她哭著进屋来了. * Sunlight came streaming through the window. 阳光从窗子射进来. 4 [La, Ipr] (not in the continuous tenses 不用於进行时态) occupy a particular position in space or time; occur 占据一定的空间或时间; 发生; 出现: Easter comes early this year. 今年复活节来得早. * She came first (ie received the highest mark) in the examination. 她在这次考试中得第一. * (fig 比喻) His family comes first, ie is the most important thing in his life. 他把家庭放在第一位. * May comes between April and June. 五月在四月与六月之间. * `A' comes before `B' in the alphabet. 在字母表中A在B的前面. * Her death came as a terrible shock (to us). 她的死(使我们)极为震惊. * Her resignation came as a surprise/It came as a surprise when she resigned. 她辞职的事大家都感到惊讶. 5 [I] (not in the continuous tenses 不用於进行时态) (of goods, products, etc) be available (指货物、 产品等)有(货), 买得到: This dress comes in three sizes. 这种衣服有三种尺码. * Do these shoes come in black? 这种鞋有黑色的吗? * New cars don't come cheap, ie They are expensive. 新汽车没有便宜的. 6 [La] become; prove to be 变成; 证实是: My shoe laces have come undone. 我的鞋带松开了. * This envelope has come unstuck. 这个信封开了. * The handle has come loose. 这个把柄松了. * It comes cheaper if you buy things in bulk. 成批买东西就便宜些. * Everything will come right in the end. 一切问题终会解决. 7 [It] reach a point at which one realizes, understands, believes, etc sth 达到(对某事物认识、 理解、 相信等的境界): She had come to see the problem in a new light. 她对这问题已有新的认识. * In time he came to love her. 他终於爱上了她. * I have come to believe that the Government's economic policy is misguided. 我认识到政府的经济政策已步入歧途. 8 [It] (used in questions after how to ask for an explanation or a reason for sth 用於疑问句中的how之後, 要求对某事物作出解释或说明理由): How did he come to break his leg? 他怎麽把腿弄折了呢? * How do you come to be so late? 你怎麽迟到这麽长时间呢? Cf 参看 how come13). 9 [Ln] ~ sth (with sb) (infml 口) behave like or play the part of sth 举止像...; 扮演某事物的角色: Don't come the bully with me! 不要跟我无理取闹! * She tried to come the innocent with me. 她在我面前装出清白无辜的样子. 10 (infml 口) (used before an expression of time 用於表示时间的词语之前) when the specified time comes 当某时刻到来时: We'll have been married for two years come Christmas. 到圣诞节时我们就结婚两年了. * Come (ie By) next week she'll have changed her mind. 到下星期她就要改变主意了. 11 [I] (infml 口) have an orgasm 达到性高潮. 12 (used with to or into + n in many expressions to show that the state or condition indicated by the n has been reached 与to或into加名词连用可构成许多固定词组, 表示已达到该名词所示的状态, 如 At last winter came to an end, ie ended 冬天终於结束了; The trees are coming into leaf, ie starting to grow leaves 树木开始长出叶子; for similar expressions, see entries for ns 类似固定词组见有关名词词条, 如 come to blows => blow). 13 (idm 习语) be as ,clever, ,stupid, etc as they `come (infml 口) be very clever, stupid, etc 非常聪明、 愚蠢等. come again? (infml 口) (used to ask sb to repeat sth because one doesn't understand it or can hardly believe it 因未听懂或难以置信, 要求某人重复一遍时使用): `She's an entomologist.' `Come again?' `An entomologist she studies insects.' `她是昆虫学家.'`请再说一遍.' `昆虫学家--她研究昆虫.' ,come and `go exist or be present in a place for a short time and then stop or depart 时来时去; 时有时无; 时隐时现: The pain in my leg comes and goes, ie Sometimes my leg is painful and sometimes it is not. 我的腿有时疼有时不疼. * Governments come and go (ie One government is replaced by another) but does anything really change? 政府换来换去, 但有什麽真正的改变呢? come `easily, `naturally, etc to sb (of an activity, skill, etc) be easy, natural, etc for sb to do (指活动、 技能等)某人做起来容易、 生来就会等: Acting comes naturally to her. 她生来就会表演. ,come over `dizzy, `faint, `giddy, etc (infml 口) suddenly feel dizzy, faint, giddy, etc 突然感到头晕目眩、 要昏倒、 发晕等: I suddenly came over (all) funny/queer and had to lie down. 我突然感到身体不舒服[眩晕], 只好躺下. come to `nothing; not come to `anything have no useful or successful result; be a complete failure 毫无结果; 完全失败: All her plans have come to nothing. 她所有的计划都落空了. * How sad that his efforts should come to nothing. 他的一切努力完全付诸东流, 多麽可悲呀. come to one`self return to one's normal state 恢复自己的常态: The shock made her hesitate for a moment but she quickly came to herself again. 这一打击使她踌躇片刻, 但很快就又恢复正常了. come to `that; if it comes to `that (infml 口) (used to introduce sth that is connected with and in addition to sth just mentioned 用以引出与刚提到的事物有联系而作补充的事物): He looks just like his dog come to that, so does his wife! 他看上去就像他的狗一样--说起像来, 连他妻子也像! ,come what `may whatever happens; in spite of difficulties or problems that may arise 不论发生什麽事情; 不管出现什麽样的困难和问题: He promised to support her come what may. 他答应不论发生什麽事都支持她. how come (...)? (infml 口) how does/did it happen (that...)?; what is the explanation (of sth)? 怎麽发生的?; (某事物)怎样解释?: If she spent five years in Paris, how come she can't speak a word of French? 她假若在巴黎呆了五年, 怎麽一句法语都不会说呢? * You were an hour late this morning, how `come? 今天早晨你迟到了一小时, 怎麽回事? not `come to much not be, become or do anything of importance 不重要; 不足道; 无关紧要: He'll never come to much (ie have a successful career) , he's too lazy. 他绝不会有什麽作为, 因为他太懒. * I don't think her idea of becoming a journalist ever came to much. 我认为她当新闻记者的想法没什麽名堂. to `come (used after a n 用於名词之後) in the future 在将来: In years to come... 未来的岁月 * for some time to come, ie for a period of time in the future 在将来的一段时间里. when it comes to sth/doing sth when it is a case, matter or question of (doing) sth 当涉及(做)某事物的情况、 事情或问题时: I'm as good a cook as she is except when it comes to (making) pastry. 我做饭做得和她一样好, 就是不会做油酥馅饼. (For other idioms containing come, see entries for ns, adjs, etc 与come搭配的其他习语见有关名词、 形容词等的词条, 如 come a cropper => cropper; come clean => clean. ) 14 (phr v) come a`bout (of a sailing-boat) change direction (指帆船)改变方向. come about (that...) happen 发生: Can you tell me how the accident came a`bout? 你能告诉我事故是怎样发生的吗? * How did it come about that he knew where we were? 他是怎麽知道我们在什麽地方的呢?

come across (also come over)
(a) be understood or communicated 被理解; 被传达: He spoke for a long time but his meaning did not really come across. 他讲了很长时间, 但他的意思没有人真正理解. (b) make an impression of the specified type 使人产生某种印象: She comes across well/badly in interviews. 她在面试中给人留下很好的[很坏的]印象. * He came across as sympathetic/a sympathetic person. 他给人以有同情心的印象. come across sb/sth meet or find sb/sth by chance 偶然遇见或发现某人[某事物]; 碰见: I ,came across an old `school friend in Oxford Street this morning. 今天早上我在牛津大街碰见一位老校友. * She ,came across some old `photographs in a drawer. 她在抽屉里偶然发现一些旧照片. come a`cross (with sth) (dated infml 旧, 口) give or hand over (money, information, etc) 给或交给(钱、 资料等): He owes me five pounds but I doubt if he'll ever come across (with it). 他欠我五英镑, 我怀疑是否能还给我(这笔钱).

come after sb
chase or pursue sb 追赶或追逐某人: The farmer came after the intruders with a big stick. 农夫拿著大棒追赶闯进来的人.

come along
(a) arrive; appear 到达; 出现: When the right opportunity comes along, she'll take it. 待适当的机会来临, 她就能抓住. * `Is she married?' `No. She says she's waiting for the right man to come along.' `她结婚了吗?'`没有. 她说她在等待著意中人的出现. (b) = come on d. (c) = come on e.

come apart
break or fall into pieces 破裂; 摔碎: The teapot just came apart in my hands. 茶壶就在我手中裂开了.

come at sb
attack sb 攻击某人: She came ,at mewith a `rolling-pin. 她用 干面杖向我打来. come at sth discover (facts, the truth, etc) 发现(事实、 真相等): The truth is often difficult to `come at. 事情真相往往难以发现.

come around (to sth)
= come round (to sth).

come away (from sth)
become detached (from sth) (与某物)脱离: The plaster had started to come away from the wall. 灰泥已经开始从墙上脱落. come away with sth leave a place with (a feeling, an impression, etc) (带著某种感觉、 印象等)离开某地: We came away with the distinct impression that all was not well with their marriage. 我们离去时有一种清楚的印象: 他们的婚姻并非十分美满.

come back
(a) return 回来: You came back (ie came home) very late last night. 昨晚你回来得很晚. * The colour is coming back to her cheeks. 她的面颊上又泛出红晕. (b) become popular, successful or fashionable again 又成为流行的、 成功的或时髦的: Miniskirts are starting to come back. 超短裙又开始流行了. (c) (of a rule, law or system) be restored or reintroduced (指规章、 法律或制度)恢复, 规复: Some people would like to see the death penalty come back. 有些人希望恢复死刑. come `back at sb reply to sb forcefully or angrily (强有力地或气愤地)答覆或反驳某人: She came back at the speaker with some sharp questions. 她用一些尖锐的问题反驳讲话人. come `back (to sb) return to the memory 恢复记忆; 回想起: It's all coming back to me now, ie I'm beginning to remember everything. 现在我全都想起来了. * Your French will soon come back. 你的法语很快就能重新运用自如. come `back to sb (on sth) reply to sb about sth after a period of time (经过一段时间後)(就某事物)答覆某人: Can I come back to you on that one (ie on that subject) later? 我可以过一会儿再谈你那件事吗?

come before sb/sth
(a) be presented to sb/sth for discussion, decision or judgement 被提交给某人[某事物]进行讨论、 作出决定或判决: The case ,comes before the `court next week. 这件案子下星期提交法庭审理. (b) have greater importance than sb/sth else 比某人[某事物]更重要: Fighting poverty and unemployment should come before all other political considerations. 解决贫穷和失业问题比所有其他政治问题都更重要.

come between sb and sb
interfere with or harm a relationship between two people 干预或损害两人之间的关系; 离间: It's not a good idea to come between a man and his wife. 最好不要介入人家夫妻间的事. * I'd hate anything to come between us. 我痛恨影响我们关系的一切事物. come between sb and sth prevent sb from doing or having sth 妨碍某人做某事物或得到某事物: He never lets anything come between him and his evening pint of beer. 什麽事也不能妨碍他晚上喝啤酒.

come by sth
(a) obtain sth, usu by effort 得到某事物(通常靠努力): Jobs are hard to come by these days. 近来 很难找到工作. * I hope that money was honestly come by. 我希望那笔钱来得正当. (b) receive sth by chance 偶然获得某事物: How did you come by that scratch on your cheek? 你脸上的抓伤是怎麽来的?

come down
(a) collapse 塌下; 坍塌: The ceiling came down. 天花板塌了. (b) (of rain, snow, etc) fall (指雨、 雪等)落下: The rain came down in torrents. 下著倾盆大雨. (c) (of an aircraft) land or fall from the sky (指飞行器)著陆, 从空中掉下: We were forced to come down in a field. 我们被迫在田地里著陆. * Two of our fighters came down inside enemy lines. 我方有两架战斗机坠落在敌方. (d) (of prices, the temperature, etc) become lower; fall (指价格、 温度等)降低; 下降: The price of petrol is coming down/Petrol is coming down in price. 汽油价格在下跌. come `down (from...) (Brit) leave a university (esp Oxford or Cambridge) after finishing one's studies 大学毕业(尤指於牛津或剑桥): When did you come down (from Oxford)? 你什麽时候(从牛津)大学毕业的? come down (from...) (to...) come from one place to another, esp from the North of England to London, or from a city or large town to a smaller place 从一处来到另一处(尤指从英格兰北部到伦敦或由城镇到较小的地方): We hope to come down to London next week. 我们希望下星期南下到伦敦. * They've recently come down from London to live in the village. 他们最近已经从伦敦搬到乡村来住. come `down on sb (infml 口) (a) criticize sb severely; rebuke sb 申斥某人; 训斥某人: Don't come down too hard on her. 不要太严厉地申斥她. (b) punish sb 惩罚某人: The courts are coming down heavily on young offenders. 法庭从严惩处年轻罪犯. come down on sb for sth (infml 口) demand (payment or money) from sb 向某人索取(报酬或钱): His creditors came down on him for prompt payment of his bills. 债权人催他尽快付帐. come down to sb be passed from one generation to another 一代传一代: stories that came down to us from our forefathers 祖祖辈辈传下来的故事. come down to sth/doing sth (infml 口) be forced by poverty, etc to do sth that one would never do normally; be reduced to sth 因贫穷等被迫去做正常情况下决不做的事; 沦落为...: He had come down to begging. 他已沦为乞丐. come down to sth (a) reach as far down as (a specified point) 下垂到(某一点): Her hair comes down to her waist. 她的头发垂到腰部. (b) be able to be summarized as sth; be a question of sth 可归结为某事物; 是某事物的问题: It comes down to two choices: you either improve your work, or you leave. 归结起来有两条出路: 你或者改进工作, 或者辞职. * The whole dispute comes down to a power struggle between management and trade unions. 全部争论其实就是资方与工会间的权力斗争. come down with sth become ill with (an illness) 得某病; 因某病病倒: I came down with flu and was unable to go to work. 我得了流感, 不能去上班.

come forward
present oneself 站出来; 自告奋勇; 挺身而出: come forward with help, information, money 自告奋勇提供帮助、 信息、 金钱 * Police have asked witnesses of the accident to come forward. 警方要求事故的目击者挺身而出予以协助.

come from...
(not used in the continuous tenses 不用於进行时态) have as one's birthplace or place of residence 为自己的出生地; 为自己的居住地: She comes from London. 她是伦敦人. * Where do you come from? 你是什麽地方的人? come from.../sth be a product of (a place or a thing) (某地或某事物)的产品: Much of the butter eaten in England comes from New Zealand. 在英国食用的黄油多产自新西兰. * Milk comes from cows and goats. 常见的奶是牛奶和羊奶. come from sth (also come of sth) be descended from sth 出身於: She comes from a long line of actresses. 她出身於演员世家. come from doing sth = come of sth/doing sth.

come in
(a) (of the tide) move towards the land; rise (指潮水)涌向陆地; 涨: The tide was coming in fast. 潮水涨得很快. (b) finish a race in a particular position 赛跑取得的名次: Which horse came in first? 哪匹马跑第一? (c) (of a batsman in cricket) come to the wicket at the start of one's innings (指板球戏中的击球手)(轮到击球开始时)来到三柱门前就位: Who's coming in next? 该谁到三柱门击球了? (d) become fashionable 时兴; 流行; 时髦: Long hair for men came in in the sixties. 男子留长发在六十年代流行. (e) become available (at a particular time of the year) (在一年的某一时间)有(货); 可以买到: English strawberries usually come in in late June. 英国草莓通常在六月下旬上市. (f) be elected 当选: The socialists came in at the last election. 社会党人在上次选举中当选. (g) be received as income 收入; 进项: She has a thousand pounds a month coming in from her investments. 她每月从投资中得到一千英镑收入. (h) have a part to play in sth 在某事物中起作用: I understand the plan perfectly, but I can't see where I come in. 我完全了解这项计划, 但不知道我能起什麽作用? (i) (of news, a report, etc) be received by a television station, the offices of a newspaper, etc (指新闻、 报道等)被电视台、 报社等收到: News is coming in of a serious train crash in Scotland. 刚刚收到的消息说, 苏格兰发生火车撞车重大事故. (j) contribute to a discussion 参与讨论: Would you like to come in at this point, Prime Minister? 首相, 您愿意在此刻发表意见吗? come in for sth be the object of sth; attract sth; receive sth 是某事物的对象; 吸引某事物; 获得某事物: The Government'seconomic policies have come in for much criticism in the newspapers. 政府的经济政策遭到报章多方抨击. come in on sth have a part or share in sth; join sth (在某事物中)有一份; 参与某事物: If you want to come in on the scheme, you must decide now. 你要参与这项计划就必须现在决定. come in with sb (infml 口) join sb in a scheme, venture, etc (在一项计划、 企业等中)联合某人; 合资经营.

come into sth
inherit sth 继承某事物: She came into a fortune when her uncle died. 她叔叔死後她继承了财产.

come of sth
= come from sth. come of sth/doing sth (also come from doing sth) be the result of sth 是某事物的结果: He promised to help, but I don't think anything will come of it. 他答应帮忙, 但我想不会有任何结果. * This is what comes of being over-confident. 这就是过於自信的结果. * No harm can come of trying. 不妨试一试.

come off
(a) be able to be removed 能被去掉: `Does this knob come off?' `No, it's fixed on permanently.' `这个把手能拆下来吗?'`不能, 那是固定的.' * These stains won't come off, I'm afraid. 我看, 这些污点去不掉. (b) (infml 口) take place; happen 举行; 发生: When's the wedding coming off? 婚礼什麽时候举行? * Did your proposed trip to Rome ever come off? 你提出的到罗马旅行, 後来去了吗? (c) (infml 口) (of a plan, scheme, etc) be successful; have the intended effect or result (指计划、 方案等)成功; 达到预期的效果或结果: Her attempt to break the world record nearly came off. 她想要打破世界纪录, 已接近成功. * The film doesn't quite come off. 这部电影不很成功. (d) (infml 口) (followed by an adv 後接副词) fare; get on 进展; 进行: He always comes off badly in fights. 他在拳击比赛中总是很糟糕. * Who came off best in the debate? 在辩论中谁最出色? come off (sth) (a) fall from sth 从某物上掉下: come off one's bicycle, horse, etc 从自行车、 马等上跌下. (b) become detached or separated from sth 从某物上脱落或分离: When I tried to lift the jug, the handle came off (in my hand). 我刚一提这个罐, 把儿就掉了(握在我手中). * Lipstick often comes off on wine glasses. 口红常能印到酒杯上. * A button has come off my coat. 我的大衣掉了一颗扣子. come `off it (infml 口) (used in the imperative to tell sb to stop saying things that one thinks or knows are untrue 用於祈使句, 要某人不再说不确之事): Come off it! England don't have a chance of winning the match. 别胡扯了! 英格兰没有希望赢得这场比赛. come off sth (of an amount of money) be removed from (a price) (指钱数)从(价钱)中减去: I've heard that ten pence a gallon is coming off the price of petrol. 我听说汽油价格每加仑要减十便士.

come on
(a) (of an actor) walk onto the stage (指演员)出台, 登场, 上场. (b) (of a sportsman) join a team as a substitute during a match (指运动员)(在比赛中)上场做替补队员: Robson came on in place of Wilkins ten minutes before the end of the game. 比赛结束前十分钟罗布森上场替代威尔金斯. (c) (of a bowler in cricket) begin to bowl (指板球投球手)开始投球: Botham came on to bowl after lunch. 午饭後博瑟姆开始投球. (d) (also come along) make progress; grow; improve 取得 进步; 生长; 改善; 发展; 发育: The garden is coming on nicely. 这个花园里花草茂盛. * Her baby is coming on well. 她的婴儿发育良好. * His French has come on a lot since he joined the conversation class. 他自从参加了会话班, 法语取得了很大进步. (e) (also come along) (used in the imperative to encourage sb to do sth, esp to hurry, try harder or make an effort 用於祈使句以鼓励某人做某事, 尤指促其加速、 努力或试一试): Come on, we'll be late for the theatre. 快点吧, 我们去戏院要迟到了. * Come along now, someone must know the answer. 试试吧, 一定有人能够回答. (f) begin 开始: I think I have a cold coming `on. 我看我要感冒了. * The rain came on/It ,came on to `rain. 下起雨来了. * It's getting colder: winter is coming `on. 天渐冷了, 冬天来了. (g) (of a film, play, etc) be shown or performed (指电影、 戏剧等)上演, 演出: There's a new play coming on at the local theatre next week. 下星期本地剧院有新戏上演. come on/upon sb/sth (fml 文) meet or find sb/sth by chance 偶然遇见或发现某人[某事物]: I came upon a group of children playing in the street. 我遇到一群孩子在街上玩耍.

come out
(a) stop work; strike 停止工作; 罢工: The miners have come out (on strike). 矿工已罢工. (b) (of a young girl) be formally introduced to high society (指少女)初进社交界: Fiona came out last season. 菲奥纳上一季初次参加社交活动. * a coming-out ball 少女初进社交界舞会. (c) (of the sun, moon or stars) become visible; appear (指太阳、 月亮或星星)露出, 出现: The rain stopped and the sun came out. 雨停了, 太阳出来了. (d) (of flowers, etc) begin to grow; appear; flower (指花朵等)开始长出, 吐艳, 开花: The crocuses came out late this year because of the cold weather. 因为天气寒冷, 今年藏红花开得晚. (e) be produced or published 出版或发表: When is her new novel coming out? 她的新小说何时问世? (f) (of news, the truth, etc) become known; be told or revealed (指消息、 真相等)周知, 传出, 透露: The full story came out at the trial. 事件的始末在审判时才真相大白. * It came out that he'd been telling a pack of lies. 後来才知道他一直在说谎. (g) (of photographs) be developed (指照片)显影, 显出, 洗出: Our holiday photos didn't come out, eg because the film was faulty. 我们假日的照片冲洗不出来(如因胶卷有毛病). (h) be revealed or shown clearly 显示得或表示得很清楚: The bride comes out well (ie looks attractive) in the photographs. 像片上新娘照得很好. * His arrogance comes out in every speech he makes. 他每次讲话都显得很傲慢. * Her best qualities come out in a crisis. 在危急关头显露出了她的优秀品质. * The meaning of the poem doesn't really come out in his interpretation. 他并没有把这首诗的意义真正揭示出来. (i) (of words, a speech, etc) be spoken (指词语、 言论等)说出, 讲出: My statement didn't come out quite as (ie appeared to have a different meaning from the one) I had intended. 我说出的话和我原先想要表达的意思不尽相同. (j) (of a sum, problem, etc) be solved (指算数题、 问题等)解出, 解决: I can't make this equation come out. 我不会解这个方程式. (k) declare openly that one is a homosexual 公开表白是同性恋者: She's been much happier since she came out. 她公开了自己是同性恋者以後就快活多了. (l) have a specified position in a test, examination, etc (在测验、 考试等中)得某名次: She came out first in the examination. 她考试得第一名. come out (of sth) (a) (of an object) be removed from a place where it is fixed (指物体)(从固著处)除掉: The little girl's tooth came out when she bit into the apple. 这小女孩在咬苹果时, 她的牙掉了. * I can't get this screw to come out of the wall. 我无法把这颗螺丝钉从墙上取出. (b) (of a mark, stain, etc) be removed from sth by washing, cleaning, etc (指标记、 污点等)(用洗刷等方法)除掉: These ink stains won't come out (of my dress). (我的连衣裙上的)这些墨水点洗不掉. * Will the colour come out (ie fade or disappear) if the material is washed? 这料子洗时掉色吗? come out against sth say publicly that one is opposed to sth 公开说反对某事物: In her speech, the Minister came out against any change to the existing law. 这位部长在她的讲话中表示不同意对现行法律作任何更改. come out at sth amount to a particular cost or sum 合计成本、 费用或总数: The total cost comes out at 500. 总计费用为500英镑. come out in sth become partially covered in (spots, pimples, etc) (局部)布满(斑点、 粉刺、 皮疹等): Hot weather makes her come out in a rash. 因天气炎热, 她起了皮疹. come out with sth say sth; utter sth 说某事物; 说出某事物: He came out with a stream of abuse. 他讲了一连串的污言秽语. * She sometimes comes out with the most extraordinary remarks. 她有时说出的话妙语如珠.

come over
= come across. come over (to...) = come round (to...). come over (to...) (from...) move from one (usu distant) place to another 从一地(通常为远处)来到另一地: Why don't you come over to England for a holiday? 你怎麽不到英国来度假呢? * Her grandparents came over (eg to America) from Ireland during the famine. 她的祖父母是在饥荒时期从爱尔兰来的(如到美国). come `over sb (of a feeling) affect sb (指某种感觉)刺激或影响某人: A fit of dizziness came over her. 她感到一阵头晕目眩. * I can't think what came over me, ie I do not know what caused me to behave in that way. 我不知道我是怎麽了(我不知道是什麽原因使我有那种举动). come over (to sth) change from one side, opinion, etc to another 改变立场或意见等: She will never come over to our side. 她决不会站到我们这边来.

come round
(a) come by a longer route than usual 绕道而来: The road was blocked so we had to come round by the fields. 道路堵塞了, 所以我们只好由田间绕道而来. (b) (of a regular event) arrive; recur (指有规律的事情)来到; 发生: Christmas seems to come round quicker every year. 圣诞节似乎一年比一年来得快. (c) (also come `to) regain consciousness, esp after fainting 恢复知觉; 苏醒: Pour some water on his face he'll soon come round. 往他脸上泼些水--他很快就能醒过来. * Your husband hasn't yet come round after the anaesthetic. 你丈夫麻醉後还没有苏醒. (d) (infml 口) become happy again after being in a bad mood (情绪不好之後)又愉快起来: Don't scold the boy; he'll come round in time. 不要责骂这孩子, 他过了那一阵就会好的. come round (to...) (also come over (to...)) visit sb or a place (usu within the same town, city, etc) 访问或参观(通常为同一城镇等的)某人或某地: Why don't you come round (to my flat) this evening? 今晚你来(我家), 好吗? * Do come round and see us some time. 务必抽空来坐坐. come round (to sth) (also come around (to sth)) be converted to sb else's opinion or view 转变成与别人一致的看法或观点: She will never come round (to our way of thinking). 她决不会改变态度(与我们的想法一致). come round to sth/doing sth (infml 口) do sth after a long delay (长时间拖延後)做某事: It was several weeks before I eventually came round to answering her letter. 过了几星期之後我才终於给她回信.

come through
(of news, a message) arrive by telephone, radio, etc or through official channels (指新闻、 信息)(由电话、 无线电等或经官方渠道)传来: A message is just coming through. 有消息刚刚传来. * Your posting has just come through: you're going to Hong Kong. 你的调令刚到: 你要去香港了. come through (sth) recover from a serious illness or avoid serious injury; survive (sth) (重病後)康复; 避免受到严重伤害; (经某事物後)还活著: He's very ill but doctors expect him to come `through. 他病得很重, 但医生预料他能康复. * With such a weak heart she was lucky to come through (the operation). 她心脏很弱, (手术後)能活下来就是万幸. * She came through without even a scratch, eg was not even slightly injured in the accident. 她安然脱险. * He has come through two world wars. 他身经两次世界大战, 劫後余生.

come to
(a) = come round. (b) (of a boat) stop (指船)停下: The police launch hailed to us to come to. 警方汽艇招呼我们停下来. `come to sb (that...) (of an idea) occur to sb (指看法)被某人想出: The idea came to him in his bath. 他洗澡时想出了这个主意. * It suddenly came to her that she had been wrong all along. 她突然想到她一开始就错了. ,come to `sth (a) amount to sth; be equal to sth 共计为某数; 等於某数: The bill came to 30. 帐款共计30英镑. * I never expected those few items to come to so much. 我绝想不到就那麽几项合计起来竟要这麽多钱. (b) (used esp with this, that or what as object 尤以 this、 that或what作宾 语时与之连用) reach a particular (usu bad) situation or state of affairs 达到某种(通常为坏的)情况或状态: The doctors will operate if it proves necessary but it may not come to that. 医生认为必要时便动手术--但可能不致如此. * `There's been another terrorist bomb attack.' `Really? I don't know what the world is coming to.' `又发生一次恐怖分子炸弹爆炸事件.' `真的吗? 不知道这个世界要变成什麽样子了.' * Things have come to such a state in the company that he's thinking of resigning. 公司的事情已经到了这种地步, 因此他正在考虑辞职. * Who'd have thought things would come to this (ie become so bad or unpleasant)? 谁想到过事情会发展到这种地步(变得这麽糟或不愉快)? come to sb (from sb) (of money, property, etc) be given or left to sb as an inheritance (指钱、 财产等)作为遗产送给或留给某人: The farm came to him on his father's death. 他父亲死时把农场留给他了. * He has a lot of money coming to him when his uncle dies. 他的叔父死後他承受了一大笔钱.

come under sth
(a) be included within a certain category 归入某类; 编入: What heading does this come under? 这个编在什麽标题之下? (b) be the target of sth 是某事物的目标: We came under heavy enemy fire. 我们遭到敌人猛烈攻击.

come up
(a) (of plants) appear above the soil (指植物)长出地面: The snowdrops are just beginning to come up. 雪花莲刚刚开始长出地面. (b) (of the sun) rise (指太阳)升起: We watched the sun come up. 我们观看日出. (c) (of soldiers, supplies, etc) be moved to the front line (指士兵、 给养等)被送往前线. (d) occur; arise 发生; 出现: We'll let you know if any vacancies come up. 一有空缺我们就通知你. * I'm afraid something urgent has come up; I won't be able to see you tonight. 很抱歉, 有些急事; 今晚不能见你了. (e) be mentioned or discussed; arise 被提及; 被讨论; 出现: The subject came up in conversation. 这个问题是在谈话中提到的. * The question is bound to come up at the meeting. 会上必然要讨论这个问题. (f) be dealt with by a court 由法庭审理: Her divorce case comes up next month. 她的离婚案件下月审理. (g) (of a lottery ticket, number, etc) be drawn; win (指彩票、 数字抽奖等)抽中, 中奖, 赢: My number came up and I won 100. 我的数字彩票中奖了, 我赢得100英镑. come `up (to...) (Brit) begin one's studies at a university (esp at Oxford or Cambridge) 开始上大学(尤指牛津或剑桥): She came up (to Oxford) in 1982. 她1982年(到牛津)上大学. come up (to...) (from...) come to one place from another, esp from a smaller place to London or from the South to the North of England 从一地来到另一地(尤指由小地方到伦敦或由英格兰南部到北部); 上伦敦; 北上: She often comes up to London (eg from Oxford) at weekends. 她常在周末(如由牛津)上伦敦来. * Why don't you come up to Scotland for a few days? 你怎麽不北上到苏格兰来住几天? come up against sb/sth be faced with or opposed by sb/sth 面对某人[某事物]; 被某人[某事物]反对: We expect to come up against a lot of opposition to the scheme. 我们预计这个计划要遭到很多人反对. come up for sth be considered as an applicant or a candidate for sth 作某事的申请人或候选人: She comes up for re-election next year. 在明年的重选中她参加竞选. come up to sth (a) reach up as far as (a specified point) 升到(某点): The water came up to my neck. 水升到我的颈部. (b) reach (an acceptable level or standard) 达到(认可的水平或标准): His performance didn't really come up to his usual high standard. 他没有真正表现出平日的高水平来. * Their holiday in France didn't come up to expectations. 他们在法国度假未尽如人意. come `up with sth find or produce (an answer, a solution, etc) 找到或提出(答案、 办法等): She came up with a new idea for increasing sales. 她想出了增加销售量的新主意.

come upon sb/sth
= come on sb/sth.

interj (used to encourage sb to be sensible or reasonable, or to rebuke sb slightly 用以鼓励某人使之理智或合情合理或用以轻责某人): Oh come (now), things aren't as bad as you say. 嗳, 好了, 事情并不像你说的那样糟. * Come, come, Miss Jones, be careful what you say. 得啦, 得啦, 琼斯小姐, 说话要当心.

n 1 return to a former (successful) position 恢复到原先的(成功)地位: an ageing pop star trying to make/stage a come-back 年事已高的流行曲歌星, 打算重返歌坛. 2 (infml 口) reply or retort to a critical or hostile remark (对批评的或恶意的话的)回答或反驳. 3 way of obtaining compensation or redress 得到补偿或补救的方法: If you're not insured and you get burgled, you have no come-back. 没投保险而遭偷窃, 就得不到赔偿.

n (usu sing 通常作单数) (infml 口) loss of importance or social position 失去重要性或社会地位; 败落; 没落: Having to work as a clerk is a bit of a come-down after running his own business. 他原来经营自己的买卖, 现在不得已去当小职员, 可谓家道中落了.

adj [attrib 作定语] (dated infml 旧, 口) flirtatious; inviting 挑逗性的; 勾引人的; 诱人的: a ,come-hither `look, `smile, etc 挑逗性的一瞥、 一笑等.

n (usu sing 通常作单数) (infml 口) gesture, remark, etc indicating that sb (esp a woman) is trying to attract sb sexually (某人, 尤指女人, 试图吸引异性的)姿势、 言语等: She gave him the come-on. 她勾引他.

/ kQm5QpEns; kQm`QpEns/ n (infml 口) deserved punishment; retribution (used esp as in the expression shown) 应得的惩罚, 报应(尤用於下列示例): get one's come-uppance 遭报应.

/ kE5mi:dIEn; kE`midIEn/ n 1 (fem 阴性作comedienne/ kE9mi:dI5en; kE9midI`Zn/) (a) entertainerwho tells jokes, performs sketches (sketch 3), etc to amuse an audience (说笑话、 演滑稽剧等的)演员. (b) actor or actress who plays comic parts 喜剧演员. 2 person who is always behaving comically 滑稽的人.

/ 5kCmEdI; `kBmEdI/ n 1 (a) [C] light or amusing play or film, usu with a happy ending 喜剧. (b) [U] plays or films of this type 喜剧; 喜剧片: I prefer comedy to tragedy. 我喜欢喜剧, 不喜欢悲剧. Cf 参看 tragedy. 2 [U] amusing aspect of sth; humour 某事物的有趣方面; 幽默: He didn't appreciate the comedy of the situation. 他没有意识到处境的有趣方面. * the slapstick comedy of silent films 无声电影的滑稽趣味.

comedy of manners
comedy that presents a satirical portrayal of social life 风尚喜剧(讽刺社交生活的喜剧).

/ 5kCmEdI; `kBmEdI/ n 1 (a) [C] light or amusing play or film, usu with a happy ending 喜剧. (b) [U] plays or films of this type 喜剧; 喜剧片: I prefer comedy to tragedy. 我喜欢喜剧, 不喜欢悲剧. Cf 参看 tragedy. 2 [U] amusing aspect of sth; humour 某事物的有趣方面; 幽默: He didn't appreciate the comedy of the situation. 他没有意识到处境的有趣方面. * the slapstick comedy of silent films 无声电影的滑稽趣味.

/ 5kQmE(r); `kQmL/ n 1 person who comes (used esp as in the expressions shown) 来者(尤用於下列示例): The race is open to all comers, ie Anyone may take part in it. 这项竞赛任何人都可参加. * Late-comers will not be allowed in. 迟到者不得入内. 2 (infml 口 esp US) person who is likely to be successful; promising person 可能成功的人; 有前途的人.

/ kE5mestEblz; kE`mZstEblz/ n [pl] (fml 文) things to eat 食物; 食品.

/ 5kCmIt; `kBmIt/ n object that moves round the sun and looks like a bright star with a long, less bright tail 慧星.